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Sandra L. MacDougall M.E.Des

Discipline/Program
Science & Engineering
Biology
Biography

Sandra is currently on Sabbatical Leave.

Sandra MacDougall has been a biology instructor at Red Deer College since 1997, with a teaching focus on ecology, introductory evolutionary biology, and invertebrate zoology.  Her research areas include road ecology, wildlife-human interaction risk assessment, and wildlife biology.  Since 2013, Sandra has been involved with the Highway 63 Wildlife Movement Monitoring Program in which she assisted with the development of a smart phone application for monitoring animal vehicle collision locations, worked directly with users on training and engagement with the program, helped develop the movement monitoring plan, and co-authored the Provincial Alberta Wildlife Watch Provincial Program Implementation Plan.  In 2008, she initiated and organized a workshop on animal-vehicle collisions in Alberta, and co-authored the resulting synthesis and recommendations report focused on reducing animal-vehicle collisions in Alberta.  Her other current research interests include behavioral and physiological studies on captive black bears which help inform wild bear research and conservation.

Education

M.E.Des. (Environmental Science), University of Calgary
B.Sc. (Biology), University of Victoria

Main Areas of Teaching

Introductory Evolutionary Biology (majors and non-majors), Principles of Ecology, Invertebrate Zoology, Student Research Opportunities in Science, Science and Society

Scholarly Activity

Current Research:

  • North Highway Connector Project:  assessing the wildlife use in and around an underpass and associated wildlife fencing built in conjunction with the North Highway Connector ring road around Red Deer (highway opens in 2022)
  • Highway 63 Wildlife Movement Monitoring Study.  Project team member.
  • Development and deployment of Alberta Wildlife Watch which includes (1) a cellphone application; (2) collision-prone location analysis; (3) mitigation policy, standards and guidelines; and (4) long-term performance analysis.  Project team member.

Journal Articles:

  • Sakals, M.E., D.J. Wilford, D.W. Wellwood and S.L. MacDougall.  2010.  Active fans and grizzly bears:  reducing risks for wilderness campers.  Geomorphology 115: 305–314

Reports:

  • MacDougall, S.  2010. Bear-Human Interactions in the Ä’äy Chù’ Valley and Sheep Bullion Plateau, Kluane National Park and Reserve, 2005-2009 Update. Prepared for Parks Canada, Whitehorse, Yukon Territory.
  • Sakals, M.E., D.J. Wilford, D.W. Wellwood, and S.L. MacDougall. Innovations.  Active fans and grizzly bear: reducing risks for wilderness campers. March/April 2010 Issue  http://innovation.digitalityworks.com/issues/2010/MarApr/issue.aspx
  • Clevenger, A.P., A.F. Ford and S. MacDougall.  2008.  Strategies Workshop on the Reduction of Animal-Vehicle Collisions on Alberta’s Roadways.  Synthesis and Recommendations.  Prepared for Alberta Transportation.
  • MacDougall, S. and M. Young.  2005. Bear-Human Interactions in the Ä’äy Chù’ Valley and Sheep Bullion Plateau, Kluane National Park and Reserve, 1998-2004.  Prepared for Parks Canada, Whitehorse, Yukon Territory.
  • MacDougall, S. 2008.  Hiker-bear interactions within the Shàr Ndã Chù’/Duke, Dän Zhür Chù/Donjek river valleys and the frontcountry highway corridor areas within and adjacent to Kluane National Park and Reserve.  Prepared for Parks Canada, Whitehorse, Yukon Territory.
  • Wellwood, D. and S. MacDougall.  2008.  Risk Assessments of bear-human interaction: Ä′äy Chù (Slims River) Valley, Cottonwood Trail and Alsek River Kluane National Park and Reserve, Yukon - 2005/2006 Update and Addendum.  Prepared for Parks Canada, Whitehorse, Yukon Territory.
  • MacDougall, S.  2009.  Bear-Human Interactions along the Chilkoot Trail, 2002-2008.  Prepared for Chilkoot Trail National Historic Site, Parks Canada, Whitehorse, Yukon.
  • MacDougall, F. Wall, M. Wall and C. Wong.  1997.  A grizzly bear risk assessment of campsites in the Slims Valley – Sheep Mountain Area of Kluane National Park and Reserve.  Prepared for Parks Canada, Haines Junction, Yukon Territory.
  • MacDougall, S., W. McCrory, and S. Herrero.  1997.  A study of grizzly (Ursus arctos) and black bear (U. americanus) food habits and habitat use, and a bear hazard assessment of the Rabbitkettle Lake area of Nahanni National Park Reserve, Northwest Territories.  Technical report submitted to Parks Canada, Fort Simpson, NWT.

Conference Presentations:

  • MacDougall, S., K. Langlois, S. Legaree, B. Wigmore, & D. Carter.  May 2017.  Use of a smartphone application to collect animal carcass data along Highway 63 in Alberta, Canada. International Conference on Ecology and Transportation, Salt Lake City, Utah.  Oral Presentation.
  • MacDougall, S., K. Langlois, S. Legaree, B. Wigmore, & D. Carter.  March 2017. Use of a smartphone application to collect animal carcass data along Highway 63 in Alberta, Canada. Alberta Chapter of the Wildlife Society Annual Conference, Lac La Biche, Alberta.  Oral Presentation.
  • Corsiatto, T., N. Dyck, K. Lehman, and S. MacDougall. March 2017.  Photomonitoring of a Wildlife Underpass and Fencing in the Red Deer River Valley Prior to final construction of the North Highway Connector around the City of Red Deer. Alberta Chapter of the Wildlife Society Annual Conference, Lac La Biche, Alberta.  Poster Presentation.

Professional Memberships:

  • Alberta Chapter of the Wildlife Society

Professional and/or RDC Leadership:

  • Red Deer College Annual Student Science Conference, 2012 – present
  • Red Deer College Science Workshops and Summer Camps, 2012 – present
  • Alberta Curriculum Articulation Committee (Biology) 2012 - present

Awards and Honours:

  • Red Deer College Award of Excellence 2005 for extraordinary contribution to the success of Red Deer College through support of learning, community involvement, innovation, service provision, academic scholarship or teaching above and beyond the expectation for the individual’s normal role at the College.
  • National Association for Staff and Organizational Development Excellence Award (NISOD) Recipient 2005, Austin, Texas.
  • 2009 Red Deer Community Foundation Women of Excellence Award Recipient in the category “Agriculture and Environment”.